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E39 (1997 - 2003)
The BMW 5-Series (E39 chassis) was introduced in the United States as a 1997 model year car and lasted until the 2004 when the E60 chassis was released. The United States saw several variations including the 525i, 528i, 530i and 540i. -- View the E39 Wiki

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  #601  
Old 04-30-2012, 06:59 AM
Big Chaze Big Chaze is offline
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Quote:
Originally Posted by TerminatorX5 View Post
I have posted this same info on the Xoutpost for the X owners and I thought, i'd post it here as well, since the things are same in the E53 and E39 (I also have a 528i)

I have an original Bosch 5.7 module installed in my BMW X5 4.6iS. This module was once repaired in Moscow, Russia (not Moscow, Idaho!!!), when the car was there and the -40 degrees temperatures got the best of the module. Recently I was towing a U-Haul 5x8 covered trailer (using the original BMW towing package installed on the vehicle from the BMW NA, 40 miles total towing distance), and the DSC, BRAKE and the ABS lights came on. As it happened during the tow, I got a brief message that the DSC INACTIVE, did not get that verbaige since then. Since there is no speed signal, all speed related functions are dead. As I drove the car since the towing, I would get the issue intermittently, once there will be no problem, the next moment the problem is there, I do get the trifeca of the lights, randomly get transmission into LIMP mode, and eventually set some codes in the Service Engine Soon.

So, I suspect the module is acting up again (when the temperature is at operating range, the problems start), and I need to remove it and to send it off for a repair, and hopefully, it can be repaired.

My problem is rather trivial - out of the 6 bolts: I was able to loosen up 5 and the #6 bolt broke off my Torx 20 bit and got the inside the torx part in the bolt stripped (almost looked like a Hex, but hex key would not work on it). It is the top left one, the one that is relatively easy to get to.

I went to home Depot, they sold me some "extractor" tool for $20, that is the "best on the earth", but it did not help.

Any suggestions on removing that last bolt?

I was thinking about stopping by a shop (meineke, midas, or whatever) and asking the guys to help me remove it... Do you think it is feasible?


Get yourself a small strong bit made for steel or similar, and a corded drill and start drilling away,.....good luck.
Btw, i just used an extractor set for the first time and it worked like a charm. However, I dont know if youll be able to use one due to the angle of where the bolt is on the abs module. Try anyway.
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Last edited by Big Chaze; 04-30-2012 at 07:01 AM.
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  #602  
Old 05-09-2012, 07:09 PM
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shaftdrive shaftdrive is offline
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Quote:
Originally Posted by ericono View Post
I just wanted to make sure that still sounded ok to everyone
I think the consensus is that the readings should be consistent among the four sensors more so than the absolute value be any particular number.
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  #603  
Old 05-24-2012, 01:34 PM
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POof540i POof540i is offline
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Brake Pressure Sensor

Anybody have a spare brake pressure sensor I can buy or borrow to test on my car? I had my car scanned and the brake pressure sensor triggered the fault code 249 times.


P.S. I live in the L.A. area.
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Last edited by POof540i; 05-24-2012 at 01:37 PM.
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  #604  
Old 05-25-2012, 09:47 PM
izrhael izrhael is offline
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Bluebee i went to that entire shenanigans , i remember that song "12 days of christmas" on the first day my ASC, then my DSC, and then my ABS, finally my speedometer stop, so it's Christmas,,,,, my control panel is will lit and my speedo won't give me a speed reading , my odometer stick at 79,499miles, but I continue to drive my ultimate driving machine , like you I been to the stealer, fine BMW doctors but can't fix the problem, unril finally I met the best guy in town who told me to bring it to his shop AVOS in Glendale it takes a grande drip star bucks to wait, and TGI done. It's the elusive ABS UNIT was change.
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  #605  
Old 05-25-2012, 10:42 PM
izrhael izrhael is offline
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Bluebee i went to that entire shenanigans , i remember that song "12 days of christmas" on the first day my ASC, then my DSC, and then my ABS, finally my speedometer stop, so I thought it's Christmas,,,,, my control panel was will lit and my speedo won't give me a speed reading , my odometer stick at 79,499miles, but I continue to drive my ultimate driving machine , like you I been to the stealer,to a fine BMW doctors but can't fix the problem, until finally I met the guy in town who told me to bring it to his shop AVOS in Glendale it takes a grande drip starbucks for wait, and TGI done. It's the elusive ABS UNIT was faulty most of the time itwas replace.
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  #606  
Old 06-07-2012, 09:53 AM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by izrhael View Post
i remember that song "12 days of christmas" on the first day my ASC, then my DSC, and then my ABS, finally my speedometer stop
I understand. The intermittence of the trifecta, coupled with myriad false readings from various diagnostic tools, plus the unfortunate variability of results with DMMs, makes the trifecta a seemingly difficult task to diagnose.

The simplest way I can state what we learned in this thread is:
0. If you have the bifecta or trifecta ...
1. Test the four wheel speed sensors using the quick test at the ABS control module harness using a 'good' DMM - if any one sensor is off from the rest - test that sensor at the wheel well. If more than one tests bad, then suspect your DMM or your probes (switch DMMs & try again, try different paper clips). Replace the one that tests bad at both the harness and wheel well (rarely will more than one will be bad). Always use the wheel speed sensors from BMW or our sponsors. Never Ebay unless you are really good at testing them upon receipt.
2. If the sensors tests good in this quick 5-min DMM test, then one could still be bad - but that's not likely - so move on to the ABS control module. Open it up with a knife or Dremel tool and probe with a toothpick to see if the 7th silvered wire has lifted off its bondpad. If it has - either resolder the wire connection (not easy!) or simply have the ABS control module rebuilt by the recommended rebuilders.
3. If you still have the trifecta after that point (very rarely will you need to get this far - but I think Quicksilver99 did), then re-test the wheel speed sensors using any of the six proposed (slower) tests in this thread. Replace the one that tests bad, (his problem, IIRC, was aftermarket wheel speed sensors that were bad but which tested good in the quick test).

If you wish to use fancy schmancy diagnostic tools for the testing, then be advised of all the admonishments in this thread (mostly by Bill, 540iman) about their limitations and false readings.
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Last edited by bluebee; 06-07-2012 at 09:57 AM.
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  #607  
Old 07-11-2012, 12:24 PM
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For the record, folks on the E46 forum are using this thread to diagnose their trifecta issues ... however the location of the ABS control module on the E46 is apparently in two different locations depending on the model year.
- E46 (1999 - 2006) > Where is the ABS Module located in our engine bay?

1. In the "drug bin"
2. Under the master cylinder



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  #608  
Old 07-13-2012, 12:12 PM
montanno montanno is offline
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Your problem is your abs module-symptoms abs and asc light, sometime no speedometer and car will go in safe mode. I had this prob with my 1999 523i and repaired it myself had to go inside the abs module very delecate procedure , did a couple of them since then.
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  #609  
Old 07-20-2012, 09:45 AM
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bluebee bluebee is offline
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Excellent ABS control module replacement information was summarized by Jared over here this week:
-> E39 (1997 - 2003) > ABS module issue

Quote:
Originally Posted by Jared@EACTuning View Post
My statement was only in reference to our E39 modules.

Correct, our E39s use the Bosch 5.7 module, which has A LOT of problems, including the 7th silvered wire. That's only a small portion of the failures with the unit though. Since that is pretty much the only fix that can be easily DIY'd, it's what you see talked about the most on the forums. Unfortunately, there's a lot of other components that fail in the module (bad IC, blown caps, fried transistors, etc). I think since you and I have two different perspectives, we each see skewed results. I talk to customers every week who have unrepairable modules so I rarely ever see or hear of the 7th wire failure (other than on the forums obviously). With your excellent thread, you see a lot reports back with 7th wire success. Since the OP's module can't even be talked to, I'd about put money down that his main IC is toast. When you get other symptoms, such as the computer reporting a bad wheel speed sensor, it is usually a lifted wire or small component failure.

I finally opened up the module I have at the shop and did not find the 7th wire lifted. Without breaking out my scope and meter and checking some of the basic components, I don't think I'll get anywhere with it. There wasn't anything obvious fried, so I'm afraid it's the main IC that went (another common failure). I didn't pitch it, but put it back on the shelf for now. As my bad luck would have it, my wife's 540 just started having the intermittent trifecta. I have not had time to troubleshoot it, but I'm hoping it will be just the 7th wire. It comes and goes, which makes me think it has to be something like a cold solder joint but I'll still check the sensors. Pretty frustrating when both of our 540s had DSC issues within a few months of each other. It's funny to hear people complain about how needy an E39 is and here my dumb butt has two.

Now back to your question....

The new Bosch modules that we sell are not the same as what was shipped with our cars. A few years ago I saw the part number change, and since then, we haven't seen another failure. Sometimes manufacturers fix small problems, never changing the numbers, and the end user never really knowing anything was changed. When they go to the trouble of changing part number, a big design change was usually implemented. I've never opened up a newer part number, but I'd like to know what they've done to try and battle the heat related problems. Did they add heat sinks, go with different components, insulate it better, or what?

I'm pulling the numbers from my head here, but the Bosch number used to be something like 0 265 950 002 but now it is 1 265 950 002.

Does that clear things up? I sincerely apologize, I thought I had discussed the part number change enough that it was wide spread, but I guess it has been quite some time since I've brought it up. Do you think that is something we should add to your wonderful thread? I know it doesn't necessarily help with troubleshooting, but it is an informational piece to let everyone know they are the same module, one is just a newer updated version of the other.

As always, THANKS BLUEBEE!
Jared
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  #610  
Old 07-20-2012, 09:53 AM
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POof540i POof540i is offline
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^^^ Excellent information.
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  #611  
Old 07-20-2012, 10:12 AM
Onebadcruiser Onebadcruiser is offline
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Big chase, all of the wheels have the Abs sensor behind the hub. Sometime the wires are dry rote and touches causing the abs and traction control lights to come on. The speed will act up also. I had to manually shift my automatic trans in order to get where I was going. You can get good prices on eBay. Thy this before getting to much in debt.
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  #612  
Old 07-20-2012, 10:31 PM
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bluebee bluebee is offline
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Onebadcruiser View Post
You can get good prices on eBay.
I wouldn't replace a wheel speed sensor unless/until I measured it to be bad ... and never more than one ... but I'd read this before buying wheel speed sensors on Ebay:
- What parts to always get OEM (1)

See why here:
- Quick99Si's non-OEM wheel speed sensors saga (1) (2)

EDIT:
Bobdmac recently posted a great ABS repair video to this ABS control module autopsy thread (1).

Quote:
Originally Posted by bobdmac View Post
Something tells me Bluebee will love that video ...
Quote:
Originally Posted by bluebee;
It seems to help answer many of our questions:
  • What is the goop made of? (silicone)
  • How do you remove the goop? (some kind of clear liquid bath ... heated water? ... alcohol? some other solvent?)
  • What is the 7th silvered wired made of? (aluminum, apparently)
  • How is the wire rebonded? (ultrasonic bonder - but do they remove and rebond ALL the wires?)
  • How is the gel replaced? (it's just poured onto the board ... but is it heated first?)
These are their stated steps:
  1. Removing the old cap with a CNC machine (vacuuming up debris)
  2. Removing the old silicone gel (liquid bath)
  3. Visual inspection of bare die connections and removing all hybrid connections (what's a hybrid connection?)
  4. The aluminum and gold wire connections are made with an automatic ultrasonic bonder
  5. Creating new connections for all hybrid connections and damaged bare die connections
  6. The units are filled with a new high specification silicone gel
  7. A new cap is assembled and a protective cover is placed (on the back solenoids) for transport
  8. The unit is tested on our "Vision 3" which uses an automated script program to run the tests
  9. PASS!
EDIT:

Key questions:
Q: What's a 'hybrid' connection?
Q: What's the clear liquid in the bath?
Q: Do they really remove all the gold & aluminum wires & add new ones back? (wow)

PS: Here's an E38/E39 video of the simple removal of the ABS control module for those who have never removed one:
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Last edited by bluebee; 07-21-2012 at 06:27 PM.
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  #613  
Old 08-08-2012, 09:38 PM
SeaFever SeaFever is offline
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Hello

Hello Bluebee!

This is my first post on this forum. I have seen this full thread and the great posts here. I have some questions I will post in a few minutes. Cheers.
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  #614  
Old 08-13-2012, 07:39 AM
Alan C Alan C is offline
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New to this forum but I come from another BMW forum that does not have much on this topic. 2002 525i with only the DSC light on. No abs or brake warning lights and the ABS works fine. Had a 006 brake code so I replaced the right front wheel speed sensor hoping that would solve the DSC light but it didn't. Anyone else have only a DSC light on with no other faults?

Thanks,
Alan
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  #615  
Old 08-13-2012, 11:11 AM
SeaFever SeaFever is offline
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Here are some details of my issues with DSC:

Vehicle: 1998 e38 740iL (manuf 9/97)
Problem: DSC light ON, no other lights are on. Not sure if ABS works (haven't tried to check.....)
Codes: DSC system shows code P40 - Potentiometer.
Troubleshooting done;
  • Checked for any other codes with respect to speed sensors and such and did not find any
  • Pressing DSC button on dash does not do anything
  • removed negative terminal of battery and reconnected in an effort to reset DSC light did not result in anything. DSC light still solid ON
  • Replaced ABS module (complete with the Aluminium part at the back of the module) with another used but apprently working one from a 1998 e38
  • Bled the brake system.
  • However the DSC light is still ON.
  • When I took it back to the independent mechanic, he still reads P40 and he informed me that his system does not have a way to reset/code/programme the DSC module
  • Talked to someone I know at BMW dealership who checked with the BMW mechanic and infomed back that in fact the VIN needs to be coded into the new (used albeit) module. He also informed that the independent should be able to programme this. However if the independent is not able to then they may be in need of an upgrade on their software...

At this time rather than taking it back to the independent (who is not able to code the ABS module) I am thinking of using the same money towards the BMW dealership's coding of the ABS module. Waiting for the indication on how much it costs. I also got the Brake bleeding system from Harbor Frieght and will bleed the brakes one more time, just in case.

Separately I have tried to install INPA using instructions on this and other websites but have not been successful since I am using Windows 7 and don't have a Win XP laptop anymore. Tried the VmWare VM route however that is excrutiatingly slow. Don't have the patience to use that, besides it did not install in the VM properly and that too needs me to buy a license from VmWare after the trial is over.

Any ideas from anyone will be helpful. Will update once I reach another step.

Cheers for now.
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  #616  
Old 08-13-2012, 11:18 AM
SeaFever SeaFever is offline
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BTW, I have the 'older' ABS module. The one with 4 star screws (instead of 6) and a 15 pin connector that is vertical that has big round pins. I believe some of the 5 series E39s have the same old type module...hence the post in this forum...

Thanks.
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  #617  
Old 08-24-2012, 06:17 PM
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bluebee bluebee is offline
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As a cross reference for the record, today, an update was posted to this thread where, again, the 10-minute quick test failed to diagnose what turned out to be TWO bad wheel speed sensors.
> E39 (1997 - 2003) > Traction Control Kicks In at a Few MPH, then Trifecta Lights -Tried Everything? Help!

Quote:
Originally Posted by Schwartz540i View Post
Okay, it's been a while, but I finally got back to it and the problem is solved. Turns out that the codes 6 and 7 were accurate. Hard to believe, but both front sensors were bad! I found replacements on eBay for <$20 each, so I figured I would give it a try. They were so dry rotted that when I took the old sensors off, the mounting ears just fell off. (BTW, they passed the DVM tests.) Cleaned the surfaces, installed the new sensors, and the lights went off. What a relief! So I guess the lesson learned is not to assume there is only one problem. The lights have been on for about a year, so I guess in that time the front sensors must have failed, even though they weren't the reason for the lights in the first place. Thanks to everyone for the help!

For the record, here are the latest bestlinks:
- How to diagnose the BMW amber ABS BRAKE DSC/ASC trifecta or bifecta (1) & what are all known options when your ABS control module is bad (1) & Quick99Si's explanation of why the 10-minute wheel speed sensor diode-action quick test doesn't always work, especially on brand new non-OEM wheel speed sensors (1) (2) & explanations by 540iman as to why the fancy diagnostic tools very often (extremely often, like almost all the time) fail to properly diagnose the trifecta or bifecta (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) & where to get the fancy schmancy diagnostic tools for free once you're aware of these limitations (1) & an ABS BRAKE DSC trifecta brake pressure sensor diagnostic DIY (1)
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  #618  
Old 08-30-2012, 06:31 AM
chriscarguy chriscarguy is offline
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I have yet to have time to cure my trifecta of lights but I have a new symptom. When it gets above 95 degrees or so outside my warning lights will go out and everything will seem normal. But then after a few minutes I feel my ABS pulse under normal braking, the lights go back on and my ABS no longer works. I'm now thinking it's not a speed sensor problem but a control module issue. Just curious of any ideas why high outside temps would impact this for the positive and give me a break from all the yellows on my dash?
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  #619  
Old 08-30-2012, 02:03 PM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by chriscarguy View Post
ideas why high outside temps would impact this for the positive and give me a break from all the yellows on my dash?
Sure. It's just an idea ... but almost everyone agrees the 7th aluminum wire lifting off its gold bondpad is heat/vibration related, at least in the beginning.

Some folks even proved that the issue is heat related using a hair dryer.

I don't know if there is a good way to freeze the ABS control module to test but if you can figure out how to cool it, then you could turn the trifecta on and off at will with successive heat/cold applications without ever leaving your garage.

QUESTION FOR THE TEAM:
What's a good way to cool the ABS control module in the garage?

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  #620  
Old 09-17-2012, 05:29 PM
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bluebee bluebee is offline
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For cross reference, a nice steering angle remove and replace DIY was posted today, with a dozen beautifully annotated pictures:
-> E39 (1997 - 2003) > Replacing steering angle sensor
Quote:
Originally Posted by rdc8118 View Post
Here's the steps I took to replace my steering angle sensor. Do so at your own risk. I'm not a mechanic.

The process took about half an hour. My DSC light was on, so I scanned the codes and got a 90 degree difference of wiper too large steering angle sensor error. The error wouldn't clear and always came back.

The first step was to remove the lower drivers side dash and floor panel. I forgot to take pics of this, I'll see if I can add them later.

The next step is to crawl underneath the dash and look up. You'll see the coupler that joins the two steering columns together. Mark where the coupler joint is with respect to the steering column shaft attached to the steering wheel. If you don't your steering wheel could be at a slight angle when you put it back together.

Undo the nut and bold that clamps the coupler to the shaft. Grab the lower shaft and push it into the floor (on it's axis). It will push into the socket shaft on the floor.

Take a note how the steering angle sensor is situated. Unplug the steering anglesensor and slide it of the shaft.

I took my steering angle sensor apart and removed the spindle. I noticed that one of the sweeper arms on the spindle was broken or worn down (careful they're fragile). This most likely explained the 90 degree error. I picked up a working steering angle sensor from the junk yard, swapped out the spindle and re-assembled mine. I figured this would save the coding step.

I slid the fixed steering angle sensor back on the shaft, plugged it in and pulled the two steering shafts together noting where I previously marked them. Put the nut and bolt back in and tightened it. Plugged in the laptop, clear the codes and took it for a spin.

The 90 degree error went away and now I had a plausibility error. I ran a lew adaption. Started the car and while slowly rolling forward turned the wheel fully in one direction then the other. Took the car out for a spin, dcs light stayed off and no errors. I took out the steering shaft coupler nut, added some locktite before re-tightening the nut then assembled the lower dash. I've put 2000 klm on the car since then and no DSC issues.

On a side note it took me longer to remove/replace the lower dash then it did to separate the two steering shafts, remove/replace the steering angle sensor.

I didn't need to remove the steering wheel or drop the whole steering column.
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Last edited by bluebee; 09-17-2012 at 05:35 PM.
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  #621  
Old 09-24-2012, 12:37 PM
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severe530i severe530i is offline
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There are so many different threads, I'm not even sure this is the correct one to post in, but here goes:
I have the dreaded trifecta of lights on my 2003 530i for the past week. Three lights illuminate intermittently, with a minimum of 2 (DSC & ABS), but mostly the ABS, DSC, and BRAKE all the time.
I don't have the time to mess around, so I'm going to have the ABS module repaired through BBA Reman via eBay. Their price is on special for $98.89 today and I just figured I would get it done since this is the most likely failure. If not, it's a $100 gamble and will eventually pay off on a car with +112k miles.
(The sale price is good from 9/24/12 until 10/1/12).
I just removed the module per instructions found elsewhere on these forums and thank everyone for contributing to the DIY and their other valuable input. Doing so made my life so much easier and saved me a lot of time, money, and aggravation.
I'll post an update when the I receive the module back in a week or so.
Thanks again everyone!
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severe530i F.K.A. BMneWbie-530I

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  #622  
Old 10-02-2012, 06:46 AM
chriscarguy chriscarguy is offline
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Location: Ames, IA
 
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Mein Auto: 2001 540iA, titanium
I took the plunge yesterday and ordered up a shipping label from BBA reman'd for my ABS module. Was on sale through yesterday for $98 and change! Got my shipping label in my email and will ship it out in the next day or 2. Crossing my fingers that a) my module is rebuildable and b) it cures the problem.
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  #623  
Old 10-03-2012, 06:59 AM
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bluebee bluebee is offline
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Location: San Jose, California
 
Join Date: Mar 2008
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Mein Auto: 02 BMW 525i M54 auto 130K
Quote:
Originally Posted by BMneWbie-530I View Post
I'll post an update when the I receive the module back in a week or so
Keep us informed. As we admonish everyone, please DO ask them by phone what they found, and if they replaced any components and let us know what they told you.

Quote:
Originally Posted by chriscarguy View Post
Crossing my fingers that a) my module is rebuildable and b) it cures the problem.
Same advice as above. While it's on their test jig, give them a call and ask what they replace.

It helps if you marked prior the two bolted-in assemblies on the back of the module.
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  #624  
Old 10-03-2012, 07:22 AM
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severe530i severe530i is offline
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Location: Central PA
 
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Mein Auto: 2003 530i
Quote:
Originally Posted by bluebee View Post
Keep us informed. As we admonish everyone, please DO ask them by phone what they found, and if they replaced any components and let us know what they told you.
I just got the part back today and there was nothing noted on the invoice. I called and was told "wires inside were replaced and it had a bad FET."
The person I spoke with was not very knowledgeable, but helpful.
There is a note on the box saying the battery must be disconnected before installation. Guess I'm heading out now to disconnect and install.
After hooking-up the battery, what should I expect? Am I going to have to take it to the dealer to have some codes reset?
I'll be back on here soon to report if the ABS, BRAKE, and DSC lights are on or off. Thanks.

Update: It took just a few minutes to put the module back on and all seems well. I went on a short 4 mile test run and left the car running for a little while; there were no lights. I believe my gamble paid off and should not see this problem again. I consider the case closed but will report any issues here.
I'm including a note than came back from BBA and I think it may come in handy in the future, should a speed sensor problem come up. (This might have been posted previously). I just wonder if any damage was caused when it was removed because I did not disconnect the battery at the time.
Thanks again to all.
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Last edited by severe530i; 10-03-2012 at 09:57 AM. Reason: Update status
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  #625  
Old 10-03-2012, 03:46 PM
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bluebee bluebee is offline
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Location: San Jose, California
 
Join Date: Mar 2008
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Mein Auto: 02 BMW 525i M54 auto 130K
Quote:
Originally Posted by BMneWbie-530I View Post
was told "wires inside were replaced and it had a bad FET."
Thanks for asking. They probably gave you a generic answer. In general, the key problem we see is the 7th aluminum wire lifts off the bondpad, but, we have seen a video (which is in this thread) which shows a more extensive rebuild (all the wires are replaced, for example).

Some people, especially those who prior marked the two bolted-in modules in the back, have reported they were replaced. Do yours look new?

Quote:
Originally Posted by BMneWbie-530I View Post
There is a note on the box saying the battery must be disconnected
Almost none of us disconnect the battery, but, it wouldn't hurt to follow their instructions, just in case you drop a screwdriver or do something to short the pins in the harness connector.

Quote:
Originally Posted by BMneWbie-530I View Post
After hooking-up the battery, what should I expect?
Do NOT go to inspection for a few days or you will fail (ask me how I know). Other than that P0500 which occurs whenever you remove the ABS control module, just drive around for a few days and all the P0500 and other anomalies will disappear if the problem was the ABS control module.
Quote:
Originally Posted by BMneWbie-530I View Post
Am I going to have to take it to the dealer to have some codes reset?
Nope. It's covered when you need coding in gory detail in this thread, so, I won't explain further.

Quote:
Originally Posted by BMneWbie-530I View Post
I just wonder if any damage was caused when it was removed because I did not disconnect the battery at the time.
Again, almost none of us disconnect the battery - but it wouldn't hurt.

EDIT: Added your picture, resized, for reference, below:
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__________________
Please read the suggested threads, where the best always add value to those threads, either by pictures or by descriptions, so the next person with the same problem stands on your shoulders.
See also: E39 Bestlinks & How to easily find what you need

Last edited by bluebee; 10-03-2012 at 03:50 PM.
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